Shoulder Pain: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

The shoulder is one of the most important joints of in the human body because it supports our everyday lives at home, work and in society.

The shoulder is made up of three bones – the clavicle (collarbone), the humerus (long arm bone), and the scapula (the shoulder blade). The top of the upper arm bone, which is shaped like a ball, fits into a shallow socket in the shoulder blade.

Strong ligaments hold the ball (humerus) in the socket. On their part, the rotator cuff muscles enable us to lift and rotate our arm. An issue with any part of this architecture can cause pain in the shoulder. Shoulder pain is diagnosed through physical examination, X-ray, and MRI.

Causes of Shoulder Pain

Several factors can cause pain in the shoulder. The leading causes of shoulder pain are:

  • Rotator cuff tendinitis: This is a condition where the tendons in your rotator cuff are swollen or damaged due to an injury. Rotator cuff tendinitis is a common cause of pain in the shoulder.
  • Impingement syndrome: Impingement syndrome is a condition where the rotator cuff tendons are occasionally trapped and compressed during shoulder movement, resulting in injuries to the shoulder tendons.

Other causes include:

  • Injury to the neck or bicep
  • Arthritis
  • Torn cartilage
  • Spinal cord injury
  • A torn rotator cuff
  • Heart attack
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Calcific Tendonitis
  • Shoulder dislocation

Symptoms of Shoulder Pain

Symptoms of shoulder pain may include:

  • Pain in one shoulder or both
  • Inability to lift objects
  • Inability to raise an arm
  • Fever, skin redness and warmth
  • Swelling bruising around the affected joint or arm
  • Abdominal pain or trouble breathing

Treatment Options

There are effective treatment options available for shoulder pain, which can have a beneficial effect on the condition. Depending on the cause of the issue, a patient may be treated through:

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