Pinched nerve in back

When too much pressure is applied by surrounding tissues like bones, cartilages, muscles, or tendons to a nerve, this is called pinched nerve. The pressure may be severe enough to disrupt nerve’s function, weakness, numbness, tingling and causing pain.

Pinched nerve in the back may be a reason of herniated disc in the lower spine, for instance, bulging of the disc may increase pressure on a nerve root causing radiating pain down to the leg. Conservative treatment and rest are best recommended in this condition. Sometimes, surgery is needed to relieve the pain.


  • Decreased sensation in the area supplied by nerve or numbness
  • Muscular weakness in the affected area
  • Sharp, radiating, throbbing, burning, aching pain radiating outward
  • Paresthesia or tingling, pins,and needles sensations.


The primaryreasonfor a pinched nerve is when too much pressure is applied to a nerve or nerve root by surrounding tissues.

Numerous conditions may cause tissue to compress a nerve root or nerve, including:

  • Injury
  • Obesity
  • Stress from repetitive work
  • Sports activities
  • Hobbies
  • Over-loading on the back spine
  • Abnormal posture
  • Scooching
  • Kyphosis
  • Scoliosis
  • Stroke

Risk Factors:

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: When inflammation has observed that is caused by arthritis around the joints, it can compress nerves.
  • Bone spurs: Bone thickening or trauma can cause bone spurs. Osteoarthritis may result in creating bone spurs and stiffen the spine as well as decrease the tunnel for nerves.
  • Sex: Women are prone to develop pinched nerve due having lesser ability to bear the load.
  • Aging: People in their older age are at higher risk of compressing nerves of the back.

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